A cup of white rice contains about 200 calories, which is no small matter because it is a small part of the most commonly used large plate. But there’s a simple, natural way to make rice less calorific: add a little fat and cool it. Using coconut oil and fridges can cut up to 60 percent of calories, according to a study by the national meeting of the American chemical society.
Rice is made up of digestible starch and a special type of carbohydrate called resistant starch, which recent studies suggest may be the key to weight control. Humans do not have enzymes to digest resistant starch, so it does not become sugar like digestible starch and quickly absorbs it in the blood. Instead, it bypasses the small intestine and metabolizes it in the colon, where it ferments short-chain fatty acids that feed healthy gut bacterial colonies. The more resistant starch in food, the less calories the body absorbs. Resistant starch is high in foods such as beans, beans, grains, uncooked potatoes and immature bananas.
Chemical scientists from Sri Lanka want to know if they can add some rice digestible starch to the indigestible starch type, making it difficult to digest. They tested 38 different species of rice, and simulate human digestion in test tubes, they designed a method of minimum heat cooking in boiling water with a teaspoon of coconut oil, then add half a cup of rice, cook for about 40 minutes. After cooking, put it in the fridge for 12 hours.
In this way, cooked rice is 10 times more resistant to starch and 10 to 15 percent less caloric. But for some types of rice, the researchers say, the method can reduce calories by 50 to 60 percent.
Here is how it works: hot cooked rice glucose unit structure is loose, but after cooling, molecular rearrangement into a very tight combination, this combination is more resistant to digestion, supervision and research Pushaparaja Thavarajah Dr Says scientists already know that it play a role in the potato, but in the new study, researchers think that add coconut oil and fat can increase the additional protection. Seems to be. Thavarajah says fat molecules wedge into rice and provide a barrier to rapid digestion.
In addition to cutting calories, making rice starch more resistant and other benefits, it can also feed your good bacteria. “Resistant starch is a good substrate or energy for bacteria in the gut,” Thavarajah said.
Most importantly, the researchers found that heating rice did not change the level of resistant starch, so the calories from dark chocolate were safe.