The number of attacks on health facilities in Syria.

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The number of attacks on health facilities in Syria.
How many attacks are there in Syrian medical institutions?
The university of California, Berkeley, a public health researcher Rohini Haar Dr Leadership of a team collected 2016 attacks occur in northern Syria, through mobile phone text messages submitted by civilians.
Hal wanted to know if human rights groups had missed anything in the report. She believes it would be good to send outside investigators to a country, or to monitor news reports and social media. “But it doesn’t cover all the day-to-day issues,” she said. “people don’t realize it’s a violation of international law.”
She was shocked by the cruelty of the attack.
The data, published in the journal PLOS Medicine on Tuesday, showed 200 health care attacks in the provinces of aleppo, idleb, homs and hama. Hal and her team have focused on these provinces, because they include the large cities that have historically been rebel-held, and they have suffered a lot of violence.
Hal says that in 2016, an average of more than one attack will occur every other day. In her team’s analysis of the attacks, 112 health care workers and 185 patients died.
To gather data, the researchers worked with the American medical association in Syria, which provides operations and funding for many hospitals that have been hit in northern Syria.
SAMS hired eight civilians to visit the scene of the attack on security, interviewing survivors and witnesses and taking photos. The information was sent back to the SAMS office in gaziantep, Turkey, via text messages or an application based questionnaire. The SAMS examined the details of other witnesses’ reports.
Hal and her team found that most of the attacks occurred through aerial bombardment, making it difficult to identify the perpetrators. These attacks almost always damage the structure. Eight clinics and hospitals were closed permanently because of the attack. The other 41 medical institutions were temporarily closed.
Even if medical institutions manage to survive these attacks, the threat to health remains, says Dr. Ahmed Albaik, a doctor who co-operates with SAMS on Syria’s health care. Albaik is based in gaziantep, Turkey.
Prior to the study, Albaik conducted drug treatment in aleppo between 2013 and 2015. He witnessed the impact of the attacks: patients began to fear the hospital because of the risk of an explosion during treatment, he said, and doctors would leave the clinic to continue the attack. “If they can’t have a safe place to take care of people’s lives, they’re also a target, they’re going to leave,” he said.
Previous efforts have been made to identify the number of attacks on medical personnel in northern Syria, use news reports and social media to calculate and verify the 90 attacks on health facilities in 2016.
PHR is strictly concerned with attacks on health authorities and has only verified the incident after receiving two separate reports. Through field photos and reports from multiple witnesses, Hal’s team can identify more attacks and attack patients, medical personnel and ambulances.
While the new figures exceed other estimates of the northern Syrian health attack in 2016, Hal still believes her results understate violence against medical institutions and workers. “There could be a lot of incidents where everyone is missing,” he said. Compared with small village clinics, SAMS data collectors are more likely to report attacks on large hospitals.
“These Numbers are certainly the bare minimum and the facts are shocking,” said suzanne selkin, a senior consultant on human rights.
Selkin did not believe that health facilities suffered collateral damage in normal attacks. Syria due to medical facilities is often the largest building in the rural areas, and because the hospital has experienced continuous bombing, she thinks they are deliberately targeting – this breach of humanitarian law.
Hal agrees and points out that most of Syria’s hospitals no longer display Red Cross or red crescent signs, marking them as medical facilities. “They have been removed because they are creating a huge target,” she said. Unfortunately, she says, the GPS coordinates of big hospitals and clinics are known, so they are still under threat.
According to Hal, 33 hospitals suffered more than one attack in 2016. Two hospitals in the city of aleppo have been hit by 10 attacks. From such a massive attack, Sirkin says, you can infer that it is entirely intended to destroy patients’ access to health care. ”
The Syrian government and its ally Russia have reportedly denied targeting medical institutions.
The violence of the civil war does not seem to be relaxing. Who has carried out attacks on health care facilities, personnel and patients by combining data from nongovernmental organizations and United Nations agencies. So far, it has counted 74 such attacks in Syria in 2018.
“There is no safe place,” Albaik said.

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